There has been quick and intensified diplomatic activity in Syria ever since Aleppo’s fall. Many agreements have been signed and the political process has been divided over three phases. They’ve also set dates and meeting places for holding negotiations. On January 23, they will meet in Astana to negotiate solidifying the truce in Aleppo and the ceasefire across Syria. On February 27, they will meet in Geneva to hold the negotiations for a peaceful solution. The Iranians, Turks and Russians agreed to guarantee the ceasefire. The Iranians refused to include Saudi Arabia at the Astana talks, according to the Iranian minister of defense. Meanwhile the Russians said the Saudis’ participation was essential but they did not clarify in which phase of the roadmap.
It seems the Russian-Iranian aim is to drag the armed Syrian opposition forces to a slow negotiation process while they enjoy freedom of movement and violate the ceasefire in the areas they want in order to pressure armed groups and force them to accept their conditionsAbdulrahman al-Rashed