Saudi Arabia's King Fahd, may he rest in peace, could have acted like Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa, Qatar’s crown prince in 1990 and its real ruler, but he didn’t. Back then, during the Gulf Cooperation Council meeting in Doha in the wake of the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, Sheikh Hamad tried to blackmail the five GCC leaders at the summit, and he did not accept to discuss the liberation of Kuwait unless those present acknowledge Qatar’s rights to the Hawar and Fasht al-Dibal islands from Bahrain. King Fahd was the first one to storm out of the room in anger as he viewed this as an insulting move.
Saddam Hussein’s invasion of Kuwait represented a precious chance for anyone to bargain. Meanwhile, Saudi Arabia believed being loyal to pledges, respecting the GCC principles and protecting states from chaos, no matter what the disputes’ motives are, meant it was a must to stand against the invasion of Kuwait. Of course, it was in Riyadh’s interest to defeat Saddam. There was also a less dangerous option which was to co-exist with Saddam.
Without Saudi Arabia’s desire and approval, it would not have been possible to confront the invasion as the kingdom hosted 500,000 soldiers, including 200,000 American soldiers, who liberated Kuwait in four days.
Resisting the invasion
Kuwait confronts seismic hazards, and it needs the GCC’s unity and stability the most. Saddam is gone, but much worse and more evil men have succeeded him.Abdulrahman al-Rashed