The Syrian crisis is as much a manifestation of an old conflict between Persians and Ottomans as it is the outcome of a new one between the US and Russia.
Through its wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the US has proven its inability to understand the historical and social complexity of these countries’ people. The US did not know how to deal with them in a way that would yield positive resultsBassam Barabandi
The second way is through Astana, something that Russia and its partners want. In this solution, the constitutional committee will impose a political solution by picking a great number of the participants, which will ensure their control over the final outcome. Until now, it is unclear who will have the final say in this matter.
The Syrian territory under the control of US-led coalition forces to fight ISIS remains the main stumbling block for the Iranian project, because it covers large tracts of fertile land and has a diverse population consisting of Kurds, Arabs, Syriacs, and Assyrians – all of them suspicious of Russian intentions and apprehensive of Iranian occupation as well as Turkish control. At the same time, this area’s reality depends on the Kurds’ desire to achieve more political and economic independence, which comes at the cost of its Arab neighbors.
Through its wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the US has proven its inability to understand the historical and social complexity of these countries’ people. The US did not know how to deal with them in a way that would yield positive results.
Despite spending billions in Iraq and Afghanistan, the presence of its military troops and the raising of national armies and international civil institutions, it failed to achieve stability in both countries, fight extremism, put an end to Iranian domination and create a coherent civil society and a stable government.