Ever since the Arab Spring of 2011, I have been engaged in an interesting, informal, experiment. When meeting with colleagues and visitors, I would pass to them a map of the MENA region and request that they draw what they think the region will look like in 2020. All of the participants responded almost the same—fractured states across MENA, based on tribalism, ethnicity and regionalism. In other words, new proto-states, cantons and autonomous areas will likely emerge, according to respondents to my assignment. Overall, the evolution of the region signaled that the post-World War I Middle East system would evolve into a new order of states.
Turning to Europe
Ukraine has various religious, ethnic, linguistic and regional groups. From left wing moderate groups to right wing elements and neo-fascists, they all possess their own set of root grievancesDr. Theodore Karasik