Making history in Libya: the events that shaped the country
A timeline of events the outbreak of the Libyan uprising in February 2011
Feb. 15, 2011: Protests demanding the toppling of the regime kick off in Benghazi.
Feb. 19, 2011: Protests spread to other cities, including Tripoli, and Qaddafi’s forces lose control of Benghazi.
March 1, 2011: The National Transitional Council (NTC) is established in Benghazi to manage the liberated areas.
March 17, 2011: The U.N. Security Council issues Resolution 1973 imposing a no-fly zone on Libya and allowing the use of force to protect civilians.
March 31, 2011: NATO officially announces it will orchestrate air raids on Libya.
April 29, 2011: Qaddafi delivers a speech urging NATO to negotiate and halt the air strikes and accuses the coalition forces of killing civilians and destroying infrastructure.
August 20, 2011: Rebels seize control of Tripoli.
Oct. 20, 2011: Qaddafi was killed by rebel forces shortly after he was captured.
Oct. 23, 2011: The NTC announces the liberation of Libya from the Qaddafi regime.
Nov. 22, 2011: Prime minister-designate Abdelrahman al-Keib forms a transitional cabinet.
April 27, 2012: The NTC sacks Keib’s government citing lack of competency.
July 7, 2012: Libya elects the General National Congress (GNC).
August 9, 2012: The NTC hands authority to the GNC.
Oct. 15, 2012: The GNC assigns Ali Zeidan the mission of forming a cabinet after Mustafa Abu Shakour fails to form one.
Nov. 14, 2012: Zeidan’s government is sworn in.
May 5, 2013: The GNC issues the political isolation law, which forbids senior figures under the former regime from political participation and public functions.
Oct. 10, 2013: An armed group briefly abducts interim-Prime Minister Ali Zeidan before releasing him.
Dec. 17, 2013: The GNC issues a decision to dissolve armed groups and seeks to rid Tripoli of militias.
Feb. 1, 2014: Massive protests are held against the decision to extend the GNC’s term.
Feb. 7, 2014: The GNC’s term ends, in line with the constitutional declaration issued in August 2011.
Feb. 15, 2014: Libyan expats begin voting for the constitutional assembly.
Feb. 18, 2014: Al-Qaaqaa and al-Sawaaq militias grant GNC members five hours to step down or be detained.
Source: Al Arabiya Institue for Studies
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