What are the key points of the U.N. resolution on Syria?
The U.N. Security Council on Friday unanimously adopted a resolution endorsing the Syrian peace proces
The U.N. Security Council on Friday unanimously adopted a resolution endorsing the Syrian peace process, starting with formal negotiations and a ceasefire in early January.
Here are the key points of the resolution:
- The council expresses "its gravest concern at the continued suffering of the Syrian people, the dire and deteriorating humanitarian situation, the ongoing conflict and its persistent and brutal violence, the negative impact of terrorism and violent extremist ideology in support of terrorism, the destabilizing effect of the crisis on the region and beyond, including the resulting increase in terrorists drawn to the fighting in Syria, the physical destruction in the country, and increasing sectarianism."
- "The only sustainable solution to the current crisis in Syria is through an inclusive and Syrian-led political process that meets the legitimate aspirations of the Syrian people, with a view to full implementation of the Geneva Communique of 30 June 2012... including through the establishment of an inclusive transitional governing body with full executive powers, which shall be formed on the basis of mutual consent while ensuring continuity of governmental institutions."
- The resolution encourages the diplomatic efforts of the 17-nation International Syria Support Group (ISSG) to help bring an end to the conflict in Syria and describes the grouping as the "central platform to facilitate" U.N. efforts to achieve a lasting settlement.
- The resolution notes "in particular the usefulness of the meeting in Riyadh" earlier this month that brought together political and armed opposition groups to agree on a negotiating team for the peace talks.
- Requests that U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and his special envoy for Syria, Staffan de Mistura, "convene representatives of the Syrian government and the opposition to engage in formal negotiations on a political transition process on an urgent basis, with a target of early January 2016."
- Expresses support for establishing within a target of six months a "credible, inclusive and non-sectarian governance", drafting a new constitution and holding "free and fair elections" supervised by the United Nations within 18 months.
- All Syrians including members of the diaspora would be eligible to take part in the elections.
- Expresses support for a nationwide ceasefire in Syria "to come into effect as soon as the representatives of the Syrian government and the opposition have begun initial steps towards a political transition under U.N. auspices."
- Requests that the U.N. lead the effort to determine the modalities of the ceasefire and urges member-states to press all sides in Syria to abide by such a ceasefire.
- Calls for a ceasefire monitoring and reporting mechanism.
- Welcomes Jordan's effort to draw up a list of groups deemed to be terrorists.