The takeover of Mecca is one of the greatest events in the history of the Prophet's biography and in the history of the Arabian Peninsula.
Prophet Mohammed comforted the people of Mecca on that grand day, he said: “Whoever enters The Holy Mosque will be safe, whoever enters the house of Abu Sufyan will be safe and whoever closes his door will be safe.”
Dr. Khaled bin Abdullah Al-Zaid, Assistant Professor at the Department of History at Umm Al-Qura University in Mecca, told Al Arabiya: "When the Prophet arrived at Towa Well, he divided his army to access Mecca via its Northern gates at Thanyat Kedaa (Al Johoon).
He entered through Bab Al Salam (Al Salam Gate) joyful and full of confidence, the city surrendered to him and Quraysh accepted Islam; unlike the day he had to exit it via its Southern boarders anxious and fearful on the day of Hijrah to Madina.
“Khaled Ibn al-Walid came through Thanyat Kudda at Mekkah’s southern entrance, which is now called Ree’a al Rassam; currently included within the new Holy Mosque Expansion,”he added.
Thanyat Kedaa is also known as Thanyat Al Maqbara (The Cemetery Fold) in reference to Al Moallah cemetery. Kedaa is also known as Thanyat Azakher alluding to Azkhar plant.
Kedaa or Kudaa is the entryway through which Khaled Ibn al-Walid fought the disbelievers and it’s possible that Al Shbayka Alley was called after ‘clashes’ (eshtebakat) between the two armies there.
However, it differs from the other Thanyat Kudda further down leading to Yemen, Mount Thor and Mashaer area which is also considered at the southern entrance of Mecca and today its path also leads back to Kudda.
Khalid Ibn al-Walid fought from that side some of the infidels of Quraysh who resisted and were defeated by him. It’s confirmed that the Prophet has decided to triumph over Mecca through peace and thus it became the will of God that he succeeded to triumph over it and pardon most of its people.