On the fourth day of Ramadan throughout history, companion and paternal uncle of the Prophet Mohammed, Hamza ibn Abdul-Muttalib, conducted his first raid, Antioch was restored from the Crusaders, Egypt’s 1923 constitution was issued, Egyptian leader Ahmed Orabi was isolated and leader Mustafa Kamil was born.
Heritage researcher Wassim Afif told Al Arabiya that on the fourth day of Ramadan, Hamza ibn Abdul-Muttalib carried out the first raid as ordered by the prophet Mohammed.
The raid’s task was to intercept a caravan that belonged to Quraish and which was led by Abu Jahl and guarded by around 300 riders.
On Ramadan 4, the force led by Hamza almost clashed with the caravan’s riders but a man from the Juhani mediated and negotiated with both parties thus preventing the fight.
This raid terrorized Quraish and made them realize the threats posed on them and their trade and economy. Meanwhile Muslims were empowered by it as it boosted their confidence and strengthened them against their enemies.
On Ramadan 4, 666 hijri, Baibars recaptured Antioch which the Crusaders had ruled for around 170 years. When Baibars assumed power in Egypt, he decided to restore control over the city because he believed the Crusaders were more dangerous on Egypt than the Moguls. He thus directed his military efforts against the Crusaders, attacked Antioch and liberated it.
Birth of Mustafa Kamil
On Ramadan 4, 1874, Egyptian national leader Mustafa Kamil was born. He studied law and mastered the French language and then joined national associations. He later traveled to France and resumed his studies at the Law Faculty at the University of Toulouse.
Kamil returned to Egypt later and gained fame as a journalist. He founded the national party which mainly called for Egypt’s independence and issuing a constitution. He died on February 10, 1908 when he was only 34 years old.
Khedive isolates Ahmad Orabi
On the fourth day of Ramadan, the Khedive decided to isolate Egyptian military commander Ahmad Orabi. The Khedive requested Orabi come see him to instruct him to end his military preparations against the Brits.
Orabi however refused to comply and informed everyone that the Khedive had sided with the Brits and warned of following his orders. As a result, the Khedive isolated Orabi from his post.
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