On the fifth day of Ramadan throughout history, founder of a Muslim dynasty Abd al-Rahman I was born in 113 hijri, a battle between Libyan rebels and Italian colonial forces erupted near Tobruk in 1342 hijri and the Lydda massacre was committed in Palestine in 1367 hijri.
Heritage researcher Wassim Afif said Abd al-Rahman I was nicknamed as Saqr Quraish (the falcon of Quraish) by his political rival the second Abbasid caliph Abu Jaafar al-Mansur due to his strong will and determination.
Abd al-Rahman was raised in Damascus during the Umayyad rule. When the Umayyad state collapsed, Abd al-Rahman traveled from one country to another. He then decided to prepare to enter Andalusia after he formed a strong army. Those who supported the Umayyad state and the Berbers approved of his plan to enter Andalusia.
In 138 hijri, Abd al-Rahman crossed with his army to Andalusia and subjugated the country. He then seized Seville and entered Crodoba eventually controlling the entire of Andalusia.
Also on the fifth day of Ramadan in 1342, which is April 23, 1923, a battle between Libyans and Italian colonial forces erupted around 80 kilometers south of Tobruk.
The battle erupted as Omar Mukhtar returned from Egypt and crossed the Libyan borders. Seven Italian armored vehicles ambushed him leading to a clash with Libyan fighters.
The Italian forces have been monitoring Mukhtar’s movement and decided to kill him to suppress the revolution. As Mukhtar crossed into Libya, they opened fire on him and his companions and besieged them but Mukhtar and the fighters opened fire on them and a clash ensued. All the vehicles were burnt except for one that managed to escape the scene.
On the fifth day of Ramadan in 1367 hijri, which is July 11, 1948, an Israeli commando unit led by Moshe Dayan committed a massacre in the Palestinian city of Lydda.
The operation was dubbed Operation Dani by the Israelis. The Israeli air force attacked Lydda and Ramla and Palestinian fighters fought back killing 60 Israelis. The Israelis resumed their attack and killed 426 Arabs.
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