On the ninth day of Ramadan throughout history, Muslims seized control of Sicily in 212 Hijri (AH), ended the siege on Fustat in 559 AH and scholar Sheikh Yusuf an-Nabhani died in 1350 AH.
Heritage researcher Wassim Afifi said on the ninth day of Ramadan in 212 AH, Asad ibn al-Furat who began the conquest of Sicily seized the latter which connected North Africa with Italy and which had commercial and cultural significance.
According to Afifi, the siege on Fustat, Egypt’s capital, ended on the ninth day of Ramadan in 559 AH. Egypt has almost completely collapsed on the political, economic and military levels towards the end of the Fatimid era.
Vizier (minister) Shawar was well-known for shifting alliances and playing parties against each other.
When Crusader king Amalric I of Jerusalem traveled to Egypt under the excuse that Shawar did not pay taxes, the latter sought the help of the Sultan of Damascus Nur ad-Din. The latter, however, realized that Shawar was playing both sides so he decided to get rid of him and of the Fatimids and the Crusaders. Nur ad-Din thus sent an army led by Asad ad-Din Shirkuh and Saladin to conquer Egypt.
In order to prevent the Crusaders from entering Cairo, Shawar ordered burning Fustat using 20,000 naphtha pots and 10,000 lighting bombs. The fire burnt for 54 days, until the ninth of Ramadan 559 AH.
The Ayyubids executed Shawar and all that was left of Fustat since Amr bin al-Aas built it was the mosque.
Also on the ninth day of Ramadan 1350 AH, scholar and judge Yusuf an-Nabhani passed away.
He was born in 1265 AH in Ijzim in Haifa. His father taught him the Quran and he then went to Azhar in Egypt to study in 1283 AH.
Nabhani spent six years in Azhar and returned to Palestine in 1289 AH and lived in Akka teaching religion and Arabic.
He also worked in the judiciary in Jenin and later worked as an editor in the al-Jawaneb daily and as a judge in Mosul.
Nabhani also lived in Istanbul, the capital of the Ottoman Caliphate, and in Jerusalem, Beirut and Medina.
He lived in Medina until World War I then returned to Ijzim where he died on the ninth of Ramadan in 1350 AH.
This article was also published in Arabic.
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