Dr Natalie Thurtle has just returned from Iraq where she was working as an emergency doctor in a Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) hospital close to Mosul. She describes her encounter with Iraq suffering through the stories of her medical colleagues.
Early in the morning, on the journey to the hospital, I lean my cheek against the searing hot window, looking for a home without its skin pockmarked by artillery, or even one, in some suburbs that remains standing. I count the fallen electricity pylons, trying to take in what a very fresh war leaves behind.
I am just here for a short time. I’m a little nervous that I won’t ‘get it’. But when we walk into the emergency room (ER) such introspection seems suddenly superfluous and evaporates.
The blunt grey pigmentation of most patients arriving in the ER in West Mosul now is distinct. They are infiltrated head to toe by the fine particles generated by the razing of a large city.
Sometimes, on initial assessment, we can’t tell if they are shocked from blood loss or not, because of this grey colour. More than once I have put my hand on someone’s wrist, expecting to feel nothing, instead feeling a florid pulse full of vitality. But not always. Children arrive alone, staring and hungry, some with days-old blast and crush injuries.
MSF has rebuilt and renovated a small hospital that was destroyed during the conflict to regain ISIS hold city of Mosul. We have set up trauma (ER and operating theatre) and emergency maternity facilities. There is only one other functioning hospital in this part of the city so the need is high.
The ER has nine acute beds and most things we might need. Nine doctors from Mosul have been recruited to work in the ER and I am here to support and work alongside them, as well as supporting maternity.
Dr Fatima: “I’m psychologically traumatized”
I introduce myself to the senior Iraqi gynecologist on call, Dr Fatima. In response to the normally rhetorical question of ‘how are you?’ she tells me she is psychologically traumatized. I sit down. The rest of the team – midwives, nurses, and translator – become quiet around the table.
Dr Fatima tells me that a few days ago her parents, her brother, and his family escaped from the ISIS held area. She was elated as they made their way out, expecting to see them again finally after many months. Three hours later they were hit by a mortar. Her mother, brother, and his two children were killed. Her brother’s wife has had bilateral above-knee amputations. Her 80-year-old father survived – he weighs 35 kg, the weight of a nine year-old boy. Now he sits in her house in the east, waiting for her to come home. He asks for his wife.
Dr Fatima hasn’t told him yet. She shows us pictures of her family on her smart phone, pictures from before. She and we around the table, let tears fall. We gather ourselves up and I say, not knowing really what to say, ‘Do you need time off?’ ‘No. I need this’. An hour or so later she expertly performs an emergency Caesarean section.
Dr Mahmoud treats children like they were his
One day, I eat falafel sandwiches with Dr Mahmoud. He tells me he was a pediatrician, before. Then he tells me about the escape. After two years working under duress, living under siege, he felt that it was too dangerous to wait. He thought that he and his family would die if they waited. So, they ran – he planned it and escaped from ISIS-held territory in the middle of the night with his children. ‘It was very dangerous,’ he says. I nod. People from Mosul rarely use such statements, so I cannot imagine it. Somewhere close a dull thud, an IED maybe or a mortar, punctuates his sentence. We finish up the falafel sandwiches and go back to work.
He treats injured children that day, and every day that I work with him, gently, carefully, like they were his.
What drives MSF, partly, is the idea of equity. That people may not have the same health needs, but they surely have the same right to care and compassion, no matter what they have done or what has been done to them. This is not difficult for me. There is simply a patient.
But for our staff that all have a similar story, it is much more complicated. They have forced you to work, under duress, in a warzone, for three years. Imagine it.
To say that you will stand up and treat everyone the same, equitably, is extremely complex. But they did it. It wasn’t easy, it wasn’t always absolute, but they did it.
Working with the staff in Mosul was humbling. Because no matter what suffering they had been through, they continued to uphold MSF’s principle of equity, of providing the same care and compassion to all patients.
On the way home from the hospital, even on a difficult day, I would notice the sunflowers. Fields of bright yellow sunflowers, upturned in the setting sun, cheek by jowl with the checkpoints and the rubble and all of the scars of war.”
Dr Natalie Thurtle an emergency physician based in Sydney, Dr Thurtle has worked with Médecins Sans Frontières since 2008.
All names have been changed to protect privacy.