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Tunisia’s political crisis threatens to deepen economic woes

Published: Updated:

Nurse Amira Souissi celebrated when Tunisian President Kais Saied seized near total power in July promising to battle corruption, contain prices and boost state finances.

But the mother of four is now losing patience with what some Tunisians see as his lack of an economic gameplan, as opposition mounts against what his opponents call a coup.

Souissi said her salary of 1,000 dinars ($350) a month can no longer keep pace with the high cost of living, with inflation running at 6.2 percent, and it is difficult to secure a bank loan due to scarce liquidity.

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“We expected prices to drop. But look, the price of a kilogram of scallops rose from 15 dinars to 19 dinars,” she said at a market in the Ibn Khaldoun district of the capital.

Anger at economic stagnation, aggravated by the pandemic, helped drive apparently widespread support for Saied’s July 25 intervention.

But Saied is now coming under growing pressure to tackle Tunisia’s economic troubles after the political crisis endangered the democratic gains that Tunisians won in the 2011 revolution that triggered the Arab Spring protests.

Saied’s intervention paused much delayed talks with the International Monetary Fund for a loan program that was expected to unlock further economic assistance and avert a crisis in public finances.

“The situation is very critical in the economy and public finance in particular.. We have been on the verge of collapse for months,” said economics analyst Moez Joudi.

“But the political crisis now and the absence of any program and a clear economic vision is really accelerating the complete collapse.”

He predicted that Saied’s focus on politics could turn Tunisia into another Lebanon, which is in the throes of a financial crisis that the World Bank has called one of the deepest depressions of modern history.

Three-quarters of Lebanon’s population have been propelled into poverty and its local currency has lost 90 percent of its value in the past two years.

Saied, who sacked the prime minister, froze parliament and empowered himself to rule by decree, has yet to appoint a new government, articulate any comprehensive economic policy or say how he would finance the public deficit and debt repayments.

A handout picture provided by the Tunisian Presidency's official Facebook Page on August 1, 2021 shows President Kais Saied (C) gesturing as he walks protected by security while touring through Habib Bourguiba avenue in the center of the capital Tunis. (AFP)
A handout picture provided by the Tunisian Presidency's official Facebook Page on August 1, 2021 shows President Kais Saied (C) gesturing as he walks protected by security while touring through Habib Bourguiba avenue in the center of the capital Tunis. (AFP)

Economic woes

The president’s office was not available for comment on the state of the economy in the North African country. Neither were economic and financial officials.

Tunisia repaid more than $1 billion in debt this summer from foreign currency reserves, but must find about $5 billion more to finance a projected budget deficit and more loan repayments.

Saied still enjoys wide support from a public grown tired of corruption, and says he has clean hands. But political paralysis is hurting chances of turning around the economy.

A man who would only give his first name Mohamed sat at a cafe with two friends complaining that he has been unemployed for four years.

“The economic conditions are a real test for the president. The situation is bad. The president has opened a door of hope for us,” he said.

“I hope he does not close it quickly, and he should avoid populism. We want to see the president attract investments and provide us with work.”

The State Statistics Institute has said unemployment is at 17.8 percent, and the fiscal deficit deepened to more than 11 percent in 2020. The economy shrank 8.2 percent last year, while public debt grew to 87 percent of gross domestic product, according to the IMF.

Both the influential labor union and foreign lenders see little choice but to resume the IMF process. While Tunisia needs about four billion dinars per month to pay wages and pay off debts, the state treasury has only 544 million dinars, according to central bank data released on Monday.

Saied has said his actions are needed to address political paralysis, economic stagnation and a poor response to the pandemic. He promised to uphold rights and not be a dictator.

The president has not put any time limit on his seizure of power, but said he would appoint a committee to help draft amendments to the 2014 constitution and establish “a true democracy in which the people are truly sovereign.”

Several thousand demonstrators rallied in Tunis on Sunday to protest at Saied’s power grab, calling on him to step down in the biggest show of public anger since his intervention.

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