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Ancient Christian fifth century AD ruins discovered in Egypt’s Western Desert

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A French-Norwegian archaeological team has discovered new Christian ruins in Egypt’s Western Desert, revealing monastic life in the region in the fifth century AD, the Egyptian antiquities ministry said Saturday.

“The French-Norwegian mission discovered during its third excavation campaign at the site of Tal Ganoub Qasr al-Agouz in the Bahariya Oasis several buildings made of basalt, others carved into the bedrock and some made of mud bricks,” it said in a statement.

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The complex is comprised of “six sectors containing the ruins of three churches and monks’ cells”, whose “walls bear graffiti and symbols with Coptic connotations”, said Osama Talaat, head of Islamic, Coptic and Jewish Antiquities at the ministry.

A French-Norwegian archaeological mission unearthed ancient Christian structures built with basalt rock or carved in the rock face including scribbles and symbols of Coptic connotations, while others were mudbrick buildings dating back to between the 4th and 7th centuries AD, a find denoting a monastic life in the area since the fifth century AD, according to the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities. (AFP)
A French-Norwegian archaeological mission unearthed ancient Christian structures built with basalt rock or carved in the rock face including scribbles and symbols of Coptic connotations, while others were mudbrick buildings dating back to between the 4th and 7th centuries AD, a find denoting a monastic life in the area since the fifth century AD, according to the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities. (AFP)

Mission head Victor Ghica said “19 structures and a church carved into the bedrock” were discovered in 2020, according to the statement.

The church walls were decorated with “religious inscriptions” and biblical passages in Greek, revealing “the nature of monastic life in the region”, Ghica said.

It clearly showed that monks were present there since the fifth century AD, he added.

The remote site, located in the desert southwest of the capital Cairo, was occupied from the fourth to eighth centuries, with a likely peak of activity around the fifth and sixth centuries, according to the French Institute of Oriental Archaeology, in charge of the mission.

Cairo has announced several major new archaeological discoveries in recent months with the hopes of spurring tourism, a sector that has suffered multiple blows -- from a 2011 uprising to the coronavirus pandemic.

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