Survivors of chemical attack want stronger U.S. role

They spoke as Syrian rebels raided the town of Aleppo amid a relentless government air campaign

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Tears welling in her eyes, Syrian refugee Amineh Sawan said Thursday that Americans are too focused on the use of chemical weapons by the regime of President Bashar al-Assad.

“My brother’s family survived the chemical weapon attack the day of the attack,” the 23-year-old said, her voice trembling. “Seven days later they were killed with a mortar shell. If you take away the weapons, Assad still has so many weapons to kill us.”

Amineh Sawan and her cousin Heba Sawan, 24, survived a chemical weapon attack in the Syrian town of Moadamiyeh. At the Capitol on Thursday the cousins said their warring country was being ravaged by the use of weapons and that distinguishing between a chemical weapon and a conventional one missed the point.

“We are human! We are dying,” Heba Sawan said.

They spoke as Syrian rebels raided the city of Aleppo amid a relentless government air campaign. At least 246 people, including 73 children, have died in the past five days alone, according to the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.

More aggression needed

The cousins spoke after meeting with Sen. Tim Kaine, the chairman of a Senate subcommittee that works on Syrian issues. Kaine, D-Virginia, left the meeting calling for a more aggressive response from the international community. He said he is pushing for immediate guarantees from the Assad regime that humanitarian aid can enter the country and supports a U.N. Security Council resolution to monitor and report anyone blocking access to humanitarian aid.

Russia has said it would not support such a vote, which Kaine said was unacceptable.

“I want to see what every nation around that table - especially Russia, with the world’s eyes on Russia now - have to say,” Kaine said.

The senator’s words came after what he described as a wrenching meeting with Heba Sawan, Amineh Sawan and Anas al-Dabas, 34, who survived a conventional weapons attack on his home city of Daraya, Syria.

The Sawans were living in Moadamiyeh, a small town west of the Syrian capital Damascus, when civilians were attacked with chemical weapons last August. The town was then surrounded by Assad’s troops with food and other aid blocked, an attempt to starve the town’s residents. The cousins were able to escape with the help of the Red Cross during a short humanitarian pause.


Amineh Sawan said she feels responsible for those still suffering under Assad’s rule.

“I feel I have to reach the whole world to let them know what our situation really is, what it is really about,” she said.

Kaine said the Sawans and al-Dabas told him they didn’t understand U.S. inaction or the distinction between a chemical attack and other brutal forms of war.

“It is hard to explain to them why more members of Congress won’t vote to act,” Kaine, who voted in committee in favor of military action in Syria last year in response to the chemical weapons attack. “They have a hard time understanding that. They had a hard time understanding why is death by a chemical weapon worse than death by starvation? Or death by being shot and having your corpse set on fire.”