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Major milestones in U.S.-Saudi relations

Saudi Arabia and the United States have enjoyed more than 80 years of bi-lateral ties, beginning with the birth of the Arab kingdom

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Saudi Arabia and the United States have enjoyed more than 80 years of bilateral relations, beginning with the birth of the modern Arab kingdom in the early 1930s.

Al Arabiya News Channel has compiled some of the main milestones of one of the region’s longest and most significant alliances ahead of U.S. President Barack Obama's visit to Riyadh on Tuesday.

1932

The United States recognizes the newly unified kingdom of Saudi Arabia under King Abdulaziz Al Saud.

1933

The United States and Saudi Arabia sign a bi-lateral economic cooperation agreement.

1942

The United States appoints a representative to the kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

1943

Saudi King Abdulaziz Al Saud sends an angry letter to U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt stressing that the Jews have no rights to Palestine.

1945

Saudi King Abdulaziz Al Saud meets U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt on board aircraft carrier the USS Quincy.

1947

The beginning of the period of U.S.-Saudi partnership during the U.S. administration of President Dwight D. Eisenhower.

1973-1974

The October War, or the third Arab-Israeli conflict, and the ensuing oil embargo against the West.

1979

U.S.-Saudi ties improve after the fall of the shah of Iran and the establishment of the Islamic Republic under Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.

1990

During the U.S. administration of George Herbert Walker Bush, the partnership between the United States and Saudi Arabia is bolstered in the first Gulf War.

2001

Tension in relations between the United States and Saudi Arabia following the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks in New York.

2006

Chilling of ties between Saudi Arabia and the United States over U.S. backing for the 2006 Israeli invasion of Lebanon.

2012

During the U.S. administration of President Barack Obama, an understanding is established between Saudi Arabia and the United States over the situation in Egypt.

2013

Ties between Washington and Riyadh are strained over the Iran’s nuclear program and the Syrian crisis.

2014

U.S. President Barack Obama visits Saudi Arabia to boost bi-later ties between the two countries.