Egypt sees drop in female genital mutilation
Egyptian mothers indicated that their support for FGM declined from 75 percent in 2000 to 58 percent in 2014
The occurrence of female genital mutilation (FGM) in Egypt has decreased by 13 percent since 2008 in the population of girls aged 15 to 17-years-old, according to the Egypt Demographic Health Survey of 2014.
The survey shows that despite the high occurence of FGM in the overall population of women ever married (aged 15 to 49 years) - more than 90 percent - the practice has declined by 13 percent since the 2008 survey in the population of girls aged 15 to 17 years old, reaching 61 percent, Egypt Independent reported based on the survey.
For their part, Egyptian mothers indicated that their support for FGM declined from 75 percent in 2000 to 58 percent in the 2014 survey, according to the newspaper.
State Population Minister Hala Youssef stated that the law played into the change in attitude.
“The data analysis pertaining to girls in the age group (15-17-years-old) reflects the efforts of media campaigns and on the ground community initiatives, in addition to law enforcement efforts, as we have seen in the latest sentencing regarding Suhair al-Batei’s case ― who died while undergoing FGM by physician, which resulted in a two-year jail sentence for the doctor and the reprimanding of the father for three months with a suspended sentence,” Youssef said, according to the newspaper.
“The large number that exceeds 90 percent of mothers does not bother me much, as the figure represents a sample of women who were born in the mid-seventies and eighties in the age group (35-49-years-old) and this age group will continue to be represented in the upcoming surveys for many years, but what bothers me most is that more than 80 percent of FGM cases are carried out by health service providers, despite the fact that the FGM practice is a clear violation of the ‘Ethical and Professional Charter for Physicians’,” he added.
According to AFP, FGM is practiced among minority Christians as well as Muslims. The practice involves the removal of the clitoris and, sometimes, even more extreme mutilation in a bid to control women’s sexuality.