Fatah and Hamas: years of strained relations
Timeline of relations since Hamas forcibly seized power in Gaza in June 2007
Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas's Fatah movement held the Islamist movement Hamas responsible for a wave of bomb attacks Friday against the homes of its leaders in the Gaza Strip.
Here is a timeline of relations since Hamas forcibly seized power in Gaza in June 2007, ousting Fatah, the main component of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).
-- 2007 --
- June 15: Hamas completes its seizure of Gaza after routing Fatah forces loyal to Abbas, who fires the Hamas-dominated unity government led by Ismail Haniya.
-- 2008 --
- March 23: The factions agree to resume dialogue in a document signed in Yemen, but the initiative makes no progress because of differences over its interpretation.
-- 2009 --
- January 19: Abbas proposes a government of national unity a day after a ceasefire announced in Gaza by Israel and Hamas after a more than three-week blitz by Israel on the territory in which 1,400 Palestinians and 13 Israelis are killed.
-- 2011 --
- April 27: Fatah and Hamas say they have reached an "understanding" to set up an interim government of independents to prepare for presidential and legislative elections within a year. Most of the clauses are unapplied with deadlines regularly put back.
-- 2012 --
- January 7: Hamas and Fatah agree on a prisoner swap.
- February 6: The rivals agree that Abbas will head an interim national consensus government to supervise the run-up to presidential and legislative elections. The decision, contested within Hamas, is not applied.
-- 2013 --
- January 4: Hundreds of thousands of Fatah supporters stage a mass demonstration in Gaza, their first since Hamas seized the territory.
- July 29: In Washington, Israelis and Palestinians resume direct peace talks for the first time in three years. The talks have since collapsed.
-- 2014 --
- April 23: The PLO and Hamas agree to form a unity government to end seven years of divided administration.
- April 24: Israel says it is halting peace talks with the Palestinians following their unity deal with Hamas, which it brands a "terrorist" group.
- June 2: The unity government is sworn in, counting 17 ministers, all of them political independents.
- August 26: Israel and the Palestinians bring a 50-day war which killed more than 2,100 Palestinians and 70 Israelis to an end with a ceasefire.
- September 25: Hamas and Fatah reach an agreement for the return of their unity government in Gaza. Abbas had accused Hamas of running a "parallel" administration in the enclave.
- October 9: The Palestinian unity government holds its first ever meeting in Gaza.
- October 29: The unity government pays the salaries of thousands of civil servants in the Gaza Strip.
- November 7: Fatah says it holds Hamas responsible for a wave of bomb attacks against the homes of Fatah leaders in Gaza. Hamas condemns the attacks.
- Bombed three times, 85-year-old Palestinian is refugee again
- Floods in Gaza City
- Palestinian unity govt holds first Gaza cabinet meet
- Hamas, Fatah agree on return of unity government in Gaza
- U.N. envoy, EU commission chief voice support for Palestinian unity govt
- Israel ‘deeply disappointed’ by U.S. support for Palestinian unity govt
- Rami Hamdallah to head Palestinian unity government
- Hamas: Palestinian unity govt. to be unveiled in days
- Amr Moussa: Hamas must recognize Israel
- Hamas eases ban on Palestinian newspapers from outside Gaza