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Fatah and Hamas: years of strained relations

Timeline of relations since Hamas forcibly seized power in Gaza in June 2007

Published: Updated:

Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas's Fatah movement held the Islamist movement Hamas responsible for a wave of bomb attacks Friday against the homes of its leaders in the Gaza Strip.

Here is a timeline of relations since Hamas forcibly seized power in Gaza in June 2007, ousting Fatah, the main component of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).

-- 2007 --

- June 15: Hamas completes its seizure of Gaza after routing Fatah forces loyal to Abbas, who fires the Hamas-dominated unity government led by Ismail Haniya.

-- 2008 --


- March 23: The factions agree to resume dialogue in a document signed in Yemen, but the initiative makes no progress because of differences over its interpretation.

-- 2009 --

- January 19: Abbas proposes a government of national unity a day after a ceasefire announced in Gaza by Israel and Hamas after a more than three-week blitz by Israel on the territory in which 1,400 Palestinians and 13 Israelis are killed.


-- 2011 --

- April 27: Fatah and Hamas say they have reached an "understanding" to set up an interim government of independents to prepare for presidential and legislative elections within a year. Most of the clauses are unapplied with deadlines regularly put back.

-- 2012 --

- January 7: Hamas and Fatah agree on a prisoner swap.

- February 6: The rivals agree that Abbas will head an interim national consensus government to supervise the run-up to presidential and legislative elections. The decision, contested within Hamas, is not applied.


-- 2013 --


- January 4: Hundreds of thousands of Fatah supporters stage a mass demonstration in Gaza, their first since Hamas seized the territory.

- July 29: In Washington, Israelis and Palestinians resume direct peace talks for the first time in three years. The talks have since collapsed.

-- 2014 --

- April 23: The PLO and Hamas agree to form a unity government to end seven years of divided administration.

- April 24: Israel says it is halting peace talks with the Palestinians following their unity deal with Hamas, which it brands a "terrorist" group.

- June 2: The unity government is sworn in, counting 17 ministers, all of them political independents.

- August 26: Israel and the Palestinians bring a 50-day war which killed more than 2,100 Palestinians and 70 Israelis to an end with a ceasefire.

- September 25: Hamas and Fatah reach an agreement for the return of their unity government in Gaza. Abbas had accused Hamas of running a "parallel" administration in the enclave.

- October 9: The Palestinian unity government holds its first ever meeting in Gaza.

- October 29: The unity government pays the salaries of thousands of civil servants in the Gaza Strip.

- November 7: Fatah says it holds Hamas responsible for a wave of bomb attacks against the homes of Fatah leaders in Gaza. Hamas condemns the attacks.