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Rio Olympics Guide: Every sport played at the 2016 Games

Find out every sport being played at the Olympics, the reigning champion of that sport, and what country has the most gold medals

Tarek Ali Ahmad

Published: Updated:

Archery

First introduced: 1900 Paris Olympics – dropped after 1924 and re-instated at 1972 Munich Olympics

Reigning champion: South Korea

Most Gold medals: South Korea – 19 gold medals (since 1972)

Badminton

First introduced: 1992 Barcelona Olympics

Reigning champion: China

Most Gold medals: China – 16 gold medals

Basketball

First introduced: 1936 Berlin Olympics

Reigning champion: USA (Men’s), USA (Women’s)

Most Gold medals: USA (Men’s) – 14 gold medals, USA (Women’s) – 7 gold medals

Boxing

First introduced: 1904 St. Louis Olympics

Reigning champion: Great Britain

Most Gold medals: USA – 50 gold medals

Canoe / Kayak

First introduced: 1936 Montreal Olympics

Reigning champion: Germany

Most Gold medals: The former Soviet Union – 29 gold medals

Cycling (Track, Road, Mountain, BMX)

First introduced: 1896 Athens Olympics

Reigning champion: Great Britain

Most Gold medals: France – 41 gold medals

Diving

First introduced: 1904 St. Louis Olympics

Reigning champion: China

Most Gold medals: USA – 49 gold medals

Equestrian (Dressage, Jumping and Eventing)

First introduced: 1900 Paris Olympics

Reigning champion: Great Britain

Most Gold medals: Germany – 23 gold medals

Fencing

First introduced: 1896 Athens Olympics

Reigning champion: Italy

Most Gold medals: Italy – 48 gold medals

Field hockey

First introduced: 1908 London Olympics

Reigning champion: Germany (Men’s), Netherlands (Women’s)

Most Gold medals: India – 8 gold medals

Golf

First introduced: 1900 Paris Olympics – dropped after 1904 and reinstated at 2016 Rio Olympics

Reigning champion: USA

Most Gold medals: USA – 3 gold medals

Gymnastics

First introduced: 1896 Athens Olympics

Reigning champion: China

Most Gold medals: The former Soviet Union - 72 gold medals

Handball

First introduced: 1936 Berlin Olympics

Reigning champion: France (Men’s), Norway (Women’s)

Most Gold medals: The former Soviet Union – 4 gold medals

Judo

First introduced: 1964 Tokyo Olympics

Reigning champion: Russia

Most Gold medals: Japan – 34 gold medals

Modern Pentathlon

First introduced: 1912 Stockholm Olympics

Reigning champion: Czech Republic (Men’s), Lithuania (Women’s)

Most Gold medals: Hungary and Sweden – 9 gold medals

Rowing

First introduced: 1900 Paris Olympics

Reigning champion: Great Britain

Most Gold medals: The former East Germany – 33 gold medals

Rugby Union

First introduced: 1900 Paris Olympics

Reigning champion: USA

Most Gold medals: USA – 2 gold medals

Sailing

First introduced: 1900 Paris Olympics

Reigning champion: Australia

Most Gold medals: Great Britain – 25 gold medals

Shooting

First introduced: 1896 Athens Olympics

Reigning champion: South Korea

Most Gold medals: USA – 53 gold medals

Football

First introduced: 1900 Paris Olympics

Reigning champion: Mexico (Men’s), USA (Women’s)

Most Gold medals: Hungary (Men’s) – 3 gold medals, USA (Women’s) – 4 gold medals

Swimming

First introduced: 1896

Reigning champion: USA

Most Gold medals: USA – 230 gold medals

Synchronized swimming

First introduced: 1984 Los Angeles Olympics

Reigning champion: Russia

Most Gold medals: Russia – 8 gold medals

Table Tennis

First introduced: 1988 Seoul Olympics

Reigning champion: China

Most Gold medals: China – 24 gold medals

Taekwondo

First introduced: 2000 Sydney Olympics

Reigning champion: Spain

Most Gold medals: South Korea – 10 gold medals

Tennis

First introduced: 1896 – but was dropped after 1924 and re-instated in 1988

Reigning champion: USA

Most Gold medals: USA - 20 gold medals

Track and Field

First introduced: 1896 Athens Olympics

Reigning champion: USA

Most Gold medals: USA – 320 gold medals

Triathlon

First introduced: 2000 Sydney Olympics

Reigning champion: Great Britain

Most Gold medals: Switzerland – 2 gold medals

Volleyball

First introduced: 1964 Tokyo Olympics

Reigning champion: Brazil

Most Gold medals: The former Soviet Union – 7 gold medals

Water polo

First introduced: 1900 Paris Olympics

Reigning champion: Croatia (Men’s), USA (Women’s)

Most Gold medals: Hungary – 9 gold medals

Weightlifting

First introduced: 1896 Athens Olympics

Reigning champion: China

Most Gold medals: The former Soviet Union – 39 gold medals

Wrestling

First introduced: 1896 Athens Olympics

Reigning champion: Russia

Most Gold medals: The former Soviet Union – 62 gold medals