On the twelfth day of Ramadan throughout history, the Battle of Buwaib erupted in 13th Hijri (AH), construction works of the Mosque of Ibn Tulun concluded in Cairo in 265 AH and preacher Ibn al-Jawzi died in 597 AH.
Before the month of Ramadan in 13 AH, Muslims mobilized their troops after their defeat at the Battle of the Bridge against the Persians and 4,000 Muslims gathered from across the Arabian Peninsula and headed to Persia, heritage researcher Wassim Afifi told Al Arabiya.
Battle of Buwaib
Al-Muthanna ibn Haritha led the Muslims’ army to Buwaib and asked the leaders of Islamic forces coming from Medina to head there.
Al-Muthanna camped at the western side of the Euphrates River that separated Muslims and Persians. Muslim troops later arrived and the total number of troops became 8,000.
The Persians however had between 60,000 and 70,000 soldiers.
Therefore, Al-Muthanna decided to divide the Persians’ army in half. The Muslims’ attack focused on the center of the opposing troops, and this succeeded in dividing the Persian army into two parts.
Jarir ibn Abdullah killed the Persians’ commander, Mehran; therefore, weakening the Persians’ morale.
Persian forces collapsed under pressure so they decided to escape but Al-Muthanna blocked their way out through a bridge and surrounded them.
It was a sweeping victory for Muslims and more than 50,000 Persians were killed in the battle.
Mosque of Ibn Tulun
On the 12th of Ramadan in 265 AH corresponding to May 7, 879 AD, the construction of Ibn Tulun Mosque in Cairo was completed.
The Mosque of Ibn Tulun is considered the third mosque built in Egypt after the Mosque of Amr ibn al-As and the Mosque of al-Askar. It is also the oldest mosque that has preserved its layout and original architecture details. This mosque is distinctive for its minaret with a helical outer staircase similar to the famous minaret in Samarra.
The mosque’s construction began in 263 AH and ended in 265 AH. Ahmad ibn Tulun spent 120,000 Dinars on it. This mosque is the first to have exemplary architecture and it was designed by Egyptian Coptic Engineer Saeed bin Kateb al-Farghani who was from Dyarb Negm in the Sharqia Governorate.
The death of Ibn al- Jawzi
Preacher, historian and jurist Ibn al-Jawzi died on the 12th day of Ramadan in 597 AH.
Ibn al-Jawzi was born in 511 AH, 1117 AD. He lived a pious life since his early years. He did not like to socialize with people because he feared wasting time and making mistakes.
Ibn al-Jawzi was a creative writer throughout his entire life until he died in Baghdad at the age of 86.