A scientific team from the Camel Research Center at King Faisal University, in cooperation with the British University of Nottingham, has conducted a research study on the discovery of the most important genes responsible for the genetic mechanism for determining the colors of Arab camels.
The study included the analysis of 10 types of Arabian camels divided into four main groups according to their colors (light brown, dark brown, black color and white color), according to the Saudi Press Agency (SPA).
The director of the Camel Research Center at King Faisal University, Dr. Faisal al-Mathen, said that the results of this study were published in a British global scientific journal, as the first study of the mechanism of transmission of genetic traits in Arabian camels and productivity.
They are also responsible for the characteristics of camels that will have a major role in classification at the future genetic level.
The genes responsible for color determination in animals are related to the nature of growth and adaptation in different environments, and also in cancer diseases of animals.
Dr. Mathen said that the results of this study reflect the history of the biological and genetic diversity of camels in the Arabian Peninsula.
The study also showed that the four color groups mentioned in the study are present in desert areas and others while camels located in the coast and mountains, and mainly located in the southern western region, are limited to brown.