Sectarianism is shifting Middle Eastern borders

Khairallah Khairallah

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Amidst developments in Egypt, the Syrian regime is working towards inflicting more harm against its people. It is, and will do this by committing massacres in order to make the Syrians understand that they have no right to dignity, freedom or a decent standard of living.

The Syrian regime will benefit from the regional and international focus on Egypt. It will resume its murders to implement the only policy it knows - the policy of eliminating others.

Is there another explanation for the military campaign that aims to erase all traces of Homs?

Egyptian events must not be permitted to obscure dangerous and important developments across the Middle East, such as recent changes with borders between Sinai and Gaza.

Disregarding borders

Syria's borders have changed as Lebanon's borders did after Hezbollah’s intervention. The “Party of God” is a poorly disguised brigade in the Iranian Revolutionary Guards with Lebanese members choosing to join the fight in Syria.

Hezbollah does not differentiate between Lebanese and Syrian land. Hezbollah went to Syria from Lebanon. This merely confirmed that sectarian considerations are placed above all others and that what Iran requests must be implemented regardless of whether there are borders between Lebanon and Syria.

The current Iranian request is to save the Syrian regime which is an opinion rejected by the majority of its people. This means that borders, interests of the Lebanese and the Syrian people and international laws are completely devalued.

In Egypt, it's no longer a secret that there is complicity between the Muslim Brotherhood and the Hamas Movement, which established a "Taliban emirate" in the Gaza Strip linked to Sinai.

Such complicity was predictable considering that Hamas is part and parcel of the Brotherhood organization.
Hamas considers itself concerned in what's happening in Cairo as much as it is concerned in controlling Gaza and expanding its influence towards Sinai.

Hamas transferred the fighting to Sinai with complete disregard of the borders between the strip and Egypt. This is because its primary task is supporting the Muslim Brotherhood's rule in Cairo.

There appears to be little concern about who governs Egypt and how the nature of Egyptian society will continue to change.

Hamas and control over Gaza

Prior to toppling president Hosni Mubarak, Hamas maintained a level of influence across all Egyptian areas.
Egypt became Hamas' main concern after Mubarak and some of his entourage neglected the situation in Gaza and Sinai.

Back then, a political awareness of the repercussions of Hamas' control over Gaza and the spread of the “culture of arms” in Gaza and Sinai was absent.

In other words, the tables have turned. Instead of having Gaza rotate around the Egypt’s orbit, Egypt is rotating in the Gazan orbit. An orbit belonging to a backward organization whose main concern is altering the nature of the Palestinian society in Gaza and not helping get rid of the Israeli occupation in the West Bank and East Jerusalem.

Furthermore, there does not appear to be an effort to garner Egyptian support for the Palestinian national plan represented in establishing an independent state that includes the West Bank and Gaza and which Jerusalem is its capital.

This revolution is more than real considering it represents a rejection of the Brotherhood's coup which sought to “brotherize” state institutions.

Khairallah Khairallah

In recent years, Hamas' goal was limited to Sinai. This scheme has nothing to do with the Palestinian cause.

Such a scheme serves the interest of the Muslim Brotherhood and it serves the Iranian regime which still controls part of Hamas and other groups directly affiliated with it, spread between Gaza and Sinai.

It's now time for these groups to act in order to thwart the Egyptian national project.

Such a project serves the interest of establishing a modern state with strong institutions that replace the Brotherhood's style of governance which has proven to be all too similar to Hamas' style in Gaza.

The second Egyptian revolution exposed Hamas and its priorities. It particularly exposed that Hamas is seeking to aid the Muslim Brotherhood.

Had the situation been any different, Hamas would have maintained a level of neutrality when dealing with the Egyptian people's revolution against the Brotherhood.

This revolution is more than real considering it represents a rejection of the Brotherhood's coup which sought to “brotherize” state institutions.

The Egyptians did not revolt against the Brotherhood and against what Mohamed Mursi represents because of the latter's victory in the presidential elections.

The Egyptians revolted because they realized that the Brotherhood is attempting to control state institutions, including the police and the army. They believe that the Brotherhood is doing this in order to prevent presidential elections being held or indeed, other elections that allow peaceful transition of power.

The most dangerous issue is that the Brotherhood in Cairo no longer has an example or guidance, other than the experience in Gaza.

This explains current cooperation between the two parties. It also explains how Hamas “forgot” that its cause is somewhere else and why it is no longer important that borders remain between Gaza and Sinai. The sectarian link is very apparent.

Borders are changing in the Middle East.

Who, until recently, would have believed that Syria's Kurds would act the way they did?

Indeed, who would have believed that Hamas would eliminate the borders between Gaza and Sinai or that Hezbollah would fight in Homs, Aleppo and Damascus?


Khairallah Khairallah is a Lebanese writer who has previously worked at Lebanon’s Annahar newspaper, he then moved to London and began writing political columns in Arabic language newspapers, including Al-Mustaqbal and Rosa El-Youssef.

Disclaimer: Views expressed by writers in this section are their own and do not reflect Al Arabiya English's point-of-view.