It’s crunch time as Iran’s nuclear deadline looms
Iran’s nuclear file key to reaching peace and stability in the region
While the world holds its breath over the Iranian nuclear talks, with a week to go before the November 24 deadline it is still not clear whether the agreement will be reached in time.
Two days of trilateral intense meetings between U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif and EU representative Catherine Ashton wrapped up on Monday 10 November in Muscat with “no news.”
Iran’s nuclear file key to reaching peace and stability in the region and many people are anxiously following the latest news to know if the moderate government of Hassan Rowhani and democrat U.S. president Barak Obama would be able to tackle this long standing issue.
Some said the talks in Oman were frustrating but this depends on the expectations held. The talks were not totally unsuccessful as the core aim of this meeting was to find a mutual under-standing between Iran and the United States. Oman offered Iran and the U.S. a friendly hand at this crucial time and tried helping them reach the conclusion before momentum was lost, as Oman’s Foreign Minister Yousef Bin Alwai said.
A nuclear deal is the first step toward Iran becoming a “great power” by enabling it to escape international isolationCamelia Entekhabi-Fard
Alawi emphasized the fact that his counterparts in the GCC had talked to him on the phone and they showed support for the talks in Oman. “ The breakthrough [on nuclear talks] will be followed by a situation of stability and cooperation on the region and international levels and all misunderstands will be becoming friendship.” FM Alwai told the press on November 11.
The meeting in Oman was a call for peace between the U.S. and Iran offered by a mutual friend.
Eye on the talks
The next round of the talks and the last one before the interim agreement expires on November 24 has been scheduled to be taking place in Austria on Tuesday November 18.
The foreign ministers of the negotiating countries of the P5+1 (five permanent members of the U.N. security council plus Germany) have been told to make themselves available between 18-24 November to come to Vienna when they are needed.
But why have the negotiations been lagging? I feel that what has been preventing Iran and the U.S. from reaching the nuclear deal is beyond the sanctions and the number of the centrifuges. Of course, their difference is mainly about Iran’s demands for the removal of all sanctions and for the U.S., it is about the level of uranium enrichment and the number of centrifuges Iran can attain.
Sanctions on Iran’s nuclear program are only one piece of the international sanctions regime. For example, sanctions related to Iran’s ballistic missile program and human rights violations would still be in place. They can’t be removed right away with the other sanctions like the embargoes on oil or the banking system being removed. This is particularly since Iran refused to include the bal-listic missile issue in nuclear negotiations.
A nuclear deal is the first step toward Iran becoming a “great power” by walking out from international isolation and becoming a natural partner of the big players – but it won’t come without compromise.
The region is waiting to see if whether after more than three decades of animosity between Iran and the U.S. peace could be granted once and for all. For Israel, they are waiting to see if the talks will fall apart and perhaps hope that the Republican-dominated Congress will restrain Obama from further flexibility toward Iran.
Lastly, if the talks are to be extended, Iran runs a risk because international politics and will quickly change and the momentum that picked up in Oman shouldn’t be lost.
Camelia Entekhabi-Fard is a journalist, news commentator and writer who grew up during the Iranian Revolution and wrote for leading reformist newspapers. She is also the author of Camelia: Save Yourself by Telling the Truth - A Memoir of Iran. She lives in New York City and Dubai. She can be found on Twitter: @CameliaFard
Netanyahu supports Obama in ISIS fight, but cautions on IranNetanyahu: ‘We want them both to lose. The last thing we want is to have any one of them get weapons of mass destruction’ Middle East
Lebanon bans film on Iran's ‘Green Movement’ protestsThe documentary film includes scenes of protests that erupted in Iran after the 2009 elections that returned Ahmadinejad to power Art and culture
Negotiations with Iran between non-success and non-failureWhat will happen if the nuclear negotiations with Iran fail? Middle East
Iran to have Internet ‘smart filtering’ within monthsTehran already blocks access to popular websites including Facebook, Twitter and YouTube Digital
France’s Fabius says key questions remain on Iran nuclear dealThe minister said he was setting aside a couple of days and nights to go to Vienna for the talks World News
Russia, U.S. urge Iran nuclear deal ‘as soon as possible’The announcement came amid signs that an elusive deal on Tehran’s nuclear programme might not be struck Middle East
Iran says it has responded to Obama’s lettersObama’s recent letter to Khamenei described a shared interest between the U.S. and Iran in fighting ISIS Middle East
Iran cites nationality for refusing to let in U.N. nuclear expertAmbassador Reza Najafi declined to reveal the nationality of the IAEA official, but other diplomats said the individual is American Middle East