Yemen: A war with political purpose
The main aim is not to get rid of the Houthis or other opposition forces as this is impossible and it’s not even the goal
The size of regional and foreign concern over the war in Yemen has exceeded expectations. Concerned governments and international institutions have frankly expressed their views on the events. Most of them have voiced their understanding of the importance of protecting the Yemeni regime which was subjected to a destructive process that would have inevitably engaged Yemen in a long-term and dangerous civil war, much like what is happening in Syria and Libya.
There was a lot of patience during past negotiations and while concessions were made to both those who oppose and reject the regime, it was all for the sake of achieving reconciliation. However when those who oppose the regime resorted to weapons, seized the capital and a number of governorates, and tried to murder President Abdrabbo Mansour Hadi, after subjecting him to house arrest at his presidential palace and detaining high-ranking government officials, the only option left was foreign military intervention. After all, the Yemeni government is a legitimate government with no military power to protect it as it confronts a gang that has bluntly expressed violent intents.
This is what pushed most regional governments and superpowers to support the military move in Yemen. Attacks were only launched after meeting all required conditions and legal justifications. They were also only launched after the establishment of a coalition which expresses the concerned countries’ stance as well as the inclusion of regional institutions, such as the Arab League and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation. Also, the operation had attained the support of the U.S. and Britain, while the United Nations had recognized Hadi’s legitimacy and the legal right to call for intervention after the rebels chased him to the temporary capital of Aden, threatening to kill him. Thus, most countries frankly supported the military campaign, Decisive Storm.
Some, such as Iran and Hezbollah, opposed the attack. This was expected considering their ties to the Houthis from the very beginning. However, generally speaking, this military campaign is one of the few politically, diplomatically and legally organized campaigns ever, and this is what led the states that had doubts at the beginning of the campaign to declare their support the next day.
The military campaign’s true political role
Although the fighter jets shelled posts which had been previously singled out and targeted rebels’ stations and forces, the political solution, as formulated by the U.N. representative, was not ruled out. The main aim is not to get rid of the Houthis or other opposition forces as this is impossible and it’s not even the goal. The aim is to protect the Yemeni state, its regime, institutions and figures and to protect the people and country from the chaos of fighting and civil war.
The main aim is not to get rid of the Houthis or other opposition forces as this is impossible and it’s not even the goalAbdulrahman al-Rashed
The military campaign has a political role as well. It is to push all parties towards a solution under the U.N. umbrella and according to what U.N. Security Council members have agreed on. Armed rebels must realize that the transitional Yemeni government, that does not harness significant military power, is in fact legitimate and that there is a large military force which is willing to protect it if needed. The second chapter after the military campaign is political and it’s about the return of all parties to negotiating and searching for a political solution which does not exclude anyone.
Yemen was and still is a matter of concern for the United Nations. U.N. Special Envoy to Yemen Jamal Benomar, who’s been working non-stop since the beginning of the revolution in 2011, has been regularly submitting his reports to his overseers. He had supervised the reconciliatory solution by assigning the transitional government and an interim president to hold elections for Yemenis to choose whomever they want to lead them.
Isolated president Ali Abdullah Saleh and Houthi rebels decided to challenge the reconciliatory plan and resorted to force in order to sabotage the political process and seize power. They deployed their armed members in several cities and governorates in order to subjugate the Yemeni people by force. Those who understand the Yemeni case can understand and support the efforts of the U.N and the needs of Saudi Arabia - the biggest country neighboring Yemen - and the rest of the GCC, who are directly affected by Yemen’s security, to militarily intervene to support legitimacy.
Those who try to make the battle look like it’s a war with no international plan and no legitimacy only care about keeping the fighting ongoing in a country which suffers from a lack of resources but has an abundance of arms and is on the verge of a civil war.
This article was first published in Asharq al-Awsat on Friday, March 28, 2015.
Abdulrahman al-Rashed is the former General Manager of Al Arabiya News Channel. A veteran and internationally acclaimed journalist, he is a former editor-in-chief of the London-based leading Arab daily Asharq al-Awsat, where he still regularly writes a political column. He has also served as the editor of Asharq al-Awsat’s sister publication, al-Majalla. Throughout his career, Rashed has interviewed several world leaders, with his articles garnering worldwide recognition, and he has successfully led Al Arabiya to the highly regarded, thriving and influential position it is in today.
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