Why has Saudi Arabia lost the ‘war for talent’ to Dubai?
Vast majority of Saudi women after graduating from universities abroad, find themselves facing two choices
At a discussion about Saudi Arabia’s Vision 2030 in London recently, I found myself engaged in a conversation with young Saudi female students. The conversation mainly revolved around how they wanted to move to Dubai after completing their degrees in the UK. Surprisingly, it was not the first time this subject had come up during my discussions with young Saudi woman.
Indeed, the vast majority of Saudi women after graduating from universities abroad, find themselves facing two choices: either to return home to work and be subject to social and regulatory limitations, or to take the harder choice and move elsewhere. It is mostly Dubai due to its proximity to home.
I find this alarming, given the generous investment by Saudi Arabia in providing quality education for women in the US and Europe, the premise of which is to get them back home to take advantage of their new expertise, and in essence, drive national development. Saudi Arabia’s fund for women to study overseas has become massive over the course of the last decade.
The total average annual sum spent by Saudi Arabia’s government on each female student is estimated to be between $35,000-45,000 a year. Looking at the figures released by the Ministry of Higher Education, which shows that women represent 26 percent of the number of students studying abroad, this means that Saudi Arabia has spent in excess of $50 million on women’s overseas education during the last 10 years.
Social and regulatory restrictions
There are various reasons behind why young Saudi women think of building a career elsewhere, instead of returning to their homeland. But there is one that stands out. Although Saudi Arabia has taken the, some might say, liberal step of educating its women abroad, there have been no accompaniments to the initiative in terms of relaxing social and regulatory restrictions back at home, much of which they enjoy in the West.
The consequences to the Saudi economy are dire because the billions spent in educating women will be another country’s gain. The current situation of women’s rights is characterized by a status quo, and although there have been some forward thinking steps in favour of women back in Saudi Arabia, these are insufficient to meet the aspirations of a new generation of women in terms of professional development and equal opportunities found in leadership positions.
The social restrictions are also an issue for Saudi women who have become used to a certain culture in the West. If they returned home they would face a restriction of movement due to a ban on driving as well as barriers to access to justice, and family pressure caused by a male guardianship system. It has left some of the most educated, talented and entrepreneurial women with no choice but to move elsewhere away from these limitations.
However, investing in girls’ education was a smart move by Saudi Arabia, in order to build a human capital that drives a sustainable future for economic growth. Nevertheless, continuing to provide quality education without enacting any actual reform on the most pressing issues facing women in the country, will result in Saudi Arabia losing “the war for talents”. Therefore, it will massively limit the benefits that would otherwise come to the country from what is considered a generous and costly project.
Talent can shape the economic and social progress of global cities, and Saudi Arabia has an ambitious vision to go global. One way to achive that is to address barriers restricting women, by developing further policies that assure gender equality.
And creating opportunities that allow them to fully contribute in the national development, while also embracing more modern social values that are commensurate with a young generations intellectual and societal expectations. This is the only way to keep Saudi Arabia’s arsenal of highly skilled young women from driving other countries innovation and economies.
Najah al-Osaimi is a researcher and journalist specializing in international relations and diplomacy, as well as ongoing sociopolitical affairs in the Middle East. She was among the winners of the “Every Human Has Rights” media awards, which marked the 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Osaimi’s articles and columns have appeared in The World Today magazine (produced by Chatham House); the Centre on Religion and Geopolitics (an initiative of the Tony Blair Foundation), the pan-Arab Asharq al-Awsat newspaper, and the Saudi Gazette, among others. Osaimi is working on a doctoral thesis at the University of East Anglia on the role of soft power in Saudi foreign policy. She holds a Master’s degree in international journalism from London’s City University. You can follow her on Twitter @najahalosaimi