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The US-Saudi relations: New challenges and opportunities

Saad Alsubaie

Published: Updated:

The close strategic relationship between the United States and Saudi Arabia has been vital for the security and prosperity of both countries as well as for regional peace and stability.

This historical relationship has never been more important than it is today, mainly for two intertwined reasons: the change in the complex security landscape of the Middle East and the change within Saudi Arabia.

President Trump’s administration came into office during an unprecedented tumultuous time in the history of the Middle East. The system of the modern nation state is crumbling, states are falling apart, and armed non-state actors are proliferating.

In the face of all this, the Trump administration inherited a Middle East foreign policy quagmire, in which the US plays the slightest role in influencing the events in the region. Due to vital US interests in the region, President Trump embarked on a Middle East foreign policy overhaul to put “America first” on this front.

The major themes of President Trump’s Middle East policy are eradicating terrorism, confronting the danger from Iran, and revitalizing partnerships with stable regional partners. Saudi Arabia appears to be the most reliable and suitable partner for implementing this policy. In addition to being a long-standing traditional partner, Saudi Arabia shares the US concerns on the threat posed by Iran.

However, the key asset that distinguishes Saudi Arabia from other regional partners is its unique status in the Islamic world. Being the birthplace of Islam, Saudi Arabia possesses a legitimate influence on the war of extremist ideas. Moreover, it has an unrivaled diplomatic influence within the Islamic world.

A contention-free cooperation will enable the two countries to respond to the growing challenges arising from the deteriorating security environment in the region

Dr. Saad Alsubaie

Trump’s trip

This was evident during President Trump’s very first international trip to the kingdom, where he laid the foundation for cooperation with fifty-five Muslim-majority countries. During the same visit, President Trump attended the inauguration of the Global Center for Combating Extremist Ideology, which aims to expose and refute extremist ideology.

Located in the central part of the Islamic world, as President Trump describes it, “this groundbreaking new center represents a clear declaration that Muslim-majority countries must take the lead in combatting radicalization.”

The Saudi efforts to combat terrorism are not limited to curbing the extremist ideologies. In 2015, Saudi Arabia formed an Islamic Military Counter Terrorism Coalition, which consists of 41 partner nations. The mission of this coalition is to combat terrorism ideologically, financially, and militarily.

Moreover, the kingdom is an active member of the US-led international coalition against ISIS. This coalition has defeated ISIS territorially in Iraq. However, the US, Saudi Arabia, and their allies in the region still have a long way to go to eradicate terrorism.

Central to the effectiveness of the US-Saudi revitalized partnership is the change in the kingdom itself. Since King Salman ascended to the throne in 2015, he and his Crown Prince, Mohammed bin Salman, embarked on a course of an unprecedented reforms.

The Crown Prince has engineered the kingdom’s ambitious Vision 2030, which expresses how optimistically he views the future of the country. In his words, Vision 2030 aims to make Saudi Arabia “a strong, thriving, and stable Saudi Arabia that provides opportunities to all…a tolerant country with Islam as its constitution and moderation as its method.”

The Crown Prince vows to bring back moderation, eradicate extremism, and crackdown on corruption. Coming from the heart of the Islamic world, such a statement is revolutionary. Its impact goes far beyond the borders of Saudi Arabia. The Saudi message of moderation, transparency, and openness is key to countering extremism in the entire region.

Women empowerment

Although most of the publicity about his reforms is centered on his crackdown on corruption and women empowerment, Mohammed bin Salman views these developments as going back to normal. His ambition is not only to go back to normal, but, more importantly, to move forward with a vision for the future.

As outlined in Vision 2030, his long-term ambition is to maintain the kingdom’s status as the heart of the Arab and Islamic worlds and transform into a global investment powerhouse, the epicenter of trade, and a gateway to the world.

This vision presents a promising opportunity for not only the Saudi people, but also entire region and international partners. The coinciding of the transformations in Saudi Arabia and the entire region poses challenges as well as opportunities for the US and Saudi Arabia.

In addition to presenting investment opportunities between the two countries, the transformation in Saudi Arabia has eliminated major points of contention that affect the US-Saudi cooperation such as the lack of transparency in dealing with extremism and corruption in the past.

A contention-free cooperation will enable the two countries to respond to the growing challenges arising from the deteriorating security environment in the region.
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Dr. Saad Alsubaie is a Faculty Member at CGSC-MNG and Distinguished International Security Fellow at the National Council on US-Arab Relations, Washington DC. Twitter: @alsubaie_saad.

Disclaimer: Views expressed by writers in this section are their own and do not reflect Al Arabiya English's point-of-view.