Oil prices drop on swelling US stockpiles, trade war

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Oil prices fell on Wednesday after industry data showed an increase in US crude inventories and on demand concerns linked to a protracted trade war between China and the United States.

However, analysts said oil markets remained tight amid supply cuts led by producer group OPEC and as political tension escalates in the Middle East.

Brent crude futures were down 70 cents at $71.48 a barrel by 0906 GMT and are set for their biggest daily fall in 11 days.

US West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures for July delivery were down 68 cents at $62.45.

“Buying pressures are sandwiched between mounting geopolitical disruption risks in the Middle East and jitters over the fallout from the intensifying US-China trade dispute,” PVM’s Stephen Brennock said in a note.

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“As a result, the oil market is at a crossroad with both these risks carrying the potential to send prices $10 a barrel in either direction... Even a modest bout of profit taking could quickly cascade into a selling frenzy.”

In a trade war between China and the United States, no further talks between top officials have been scheduled since the last round ended in a stalemate on May 10.

The conflict is weighing on economic growth forecasts and with that, oil demand predictions. The Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) on Tuesday revised down its global growth forecast for the year.

Adding to bearish factors, industry body American Petroleum Institute (API) said on Tuesday that US crude stockpiles rose by 2.4 million barrels last week.

Official data from the US Energy Information Administration’s oil stockpiles report is due at 1430 GMT.

Beyond market fundamentals, oil traders are looking to the tensions between the United States and Iran. On Tuesday, acting US Defense Secretary Patrick Shanahan said threats from Iran remained high.

Outside the United States, Saudi Arabia on Wednesday said it was committed to a balanced and sustainable oil market.

Saudi Arabia has been at the forefront of supply cuts led by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) that began in January.

US bank Morgan Stanley said it expected Brent prices to trade in a $75-$80 per barrel range in the second-half of this year, pushed up by tight supply and demand fundamentals.