India boosts oil imports from Saudi Arabia, eases Russian oil buying in July

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India’s crude oil imports from Russia in July fell for the first time since March along with its overall purchase while supplies from Saudi Arabia rebounded for the first in five months, data obtained from trade and industry sources showed.

Indian refiners lifted more term supplies from Saudi Arabia as prices were attractive while prices for Russian supplies have climbed on robust demand.

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India shipped in 877,400 barrels per day (bpd) oil from Russia in July, a decline of about 7.3 percent from June, with Moscow continuing as its second biggest oil supplier after Iraq.

Refiners in India are snapping up discounted Russian oil after some Western countries and companies shunned purchases from Moscow over its late-February invasion of Ukraine.

Overall India, the world’s third biggest oil importer and consumer, shipped in 3.2 percent less oil in July at 4.63 million bpd from June as some refineries planned maintenance turnaround from August, the data showed.

India’s oil imports from Saudi Arabia rose by 25.6 percent to 824,700 bpd in July, the highest in three months, the data showed, after the producer lowered official selling price (OSPs) in June and July compared with May. Saudi Arabia stayed at No. 3 spot among India’s suppliers.

“Most refiners have term contracts with Saudi Arabia so they can adjust slightly but they cannot cut drastically ... They might have used lower OSPs for June and July to meet their commitments under the term contract,” said Ehsan Ul Haq, an analyst with Refinitiv.

The share of Middle East oil in India’s overall imports declined marginally in July as the nation cut purchases from Iraq by 9.3 percent from June to below 1 million bpd mark for the first time in 10 months, the data showed.

India has raised imports of Russia’s diesel-rich ESPO grade and that could further dent purchase of similar grades from west Africa, said Haq, adding ESPO is cheaper than Brent-linked Atlantic basin crude as it is sold at a discount to Dubai oil.

Share of OPEC countries in India’s overall imports declined marginally in July from June, and plunged to the lowest in April-July, the first four months of this fiscal year, the data showed.

Read more: US talks with India on price cap on Russian oil ‘encouraging’: Treasury chief Yellen

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