On the third day of Ramadan throughout history, Fatimah, the daughter of Prophet Mohammed, passed away in 11 hijri, arbitration between the prophet’s companions was agreed upon on 37 hijri and Al-Hakam II became the second caliph of Cordoba in Andalusia in 350 hijri.
According to some historians, Fatimah al-Zahra was born while the Kaaba was being built.
Following the Battle of Badr, she married Ali bin Abi Taleb and had three children with him, Al-Hassan, Al-Hussein, Mohsen, who died at a young age, and Zainab and Um Kulthoum.
According to heritage researcher Wassim Afif, she died on the third day of Ramadan in 11 hijri.
The most strife in the history of Islam also occurred on the third day of Ramadan in 37 hijri. It happened between Ali ibn Abi Taleb and Muawiyah ibn Abi Sufyan after the death of Uthman ibn Affan.
As a result of arbitration, the most dangerous ideological faction in the history of the Islamic state, the Khawarij, emerged. The arbitration between Ali and Muawiyah was agreed upon in 37 hijri following the Battle of the Camel, and it’s linked to the emergence of the Khawarij and Muawiyah’s seizure of Egypt.
Al-Hakam II assumed governance of Andalusia on the third day of Ramadan. According to Arab and foreign historians, he was a great and knowledgeable king.
He was the ninth emir of the Umayyad state in Andalusia and the second caliph of Andalusia, and he ruled from 350 hijri until 366 hijri.
Al-Hakam’s reign was distinguished for its diplomacy as he exploited disputes between Spanish statelets and limited Spanish threats.
He loved education and sought to make it available for everyone as there were 277 free schools during his reign.
Al-Hakam ruled for 15 years and five months, and he died at 63. His son Hisham succeeded him when he was only 10 years old.
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